cGal to pGal converter

cGalcentigalpGalpicogalAcceleration

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cGal
pGal

Formular
[Value of pGal] = [Value of cGal] * 10000000000
[Value of cGal] = [Value of pGal] / 10000000000

cGal(centigal)

A centigal (cGal) is a unit of acceleration commonly used in geophysics and geodesy to measure gravitational acceleration or gravity field variations. The term "centigal" is derived from the prefix "centi-" meaning one-hundredth (1/100) and "gal" named in honor of the Italian scientist Galileo Galilei. One centigal (1 cGal) is equal to one-hundredth of a Gal (0.01 Gal), equivalent to 1/100th of 1 cm/s² or 0.01 cm/s² (0.0001 m/s²). It is a non-SI (International System of Units) unit but is commonly used for expressing small gravity field variations and gravitational anomalies on Earth.

PGal(petagal)

In the field of acceleration, the unit PGal (petagal) is used to measure acceleration due to gravity or the force with which an object is pulled towards the Earth's surface. It is derived from the more common unit of acceleration: gal, which stands for "Galileo" in honor of Italian physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei.

1 Gal is equivalent to 1 centimeter per second squared (1 cm/s²), which is the standard acceleration due to gravity at the Earth's surface. A petagal (PGal) is much larger than a gal and is given by:

1 PGal = 10¹⁵ Gal

In other words, 1 petagal is equal to 10¹⁵ centimeters per second squared (10¹⁵ cm/s²). It is an extremely large unit of acceleration and not frequently used in practical applications. It is mainly helpful when describing the gravitational effects in extreme astrophysical scenarios, such as near black holes or massive celestial bodies.

pGal(picogal)

The pGal (picogal) is a unit of acceleration used in geophysics and geodesy, specifically for measurements related to gravity anomalies and earth's gravity field. It stands for picogalileo, named after Galileo Galilei who first described the concept of acceleration.

A pGal is defined as one-trillionth (10^(-12)) of the standard acceleration due to gravity on Earth (g), which is approximately 9.80665 meters per second squared (m/s²). Therefore:

1 pGal = 10^(-12) x 9.80665 m/s² ≈ 9.80665 x 10^(-12) m/s²

This unit is used to express extremely small variations in the Earth's gravitational field, which can be relevant in various scientific disciplines, such as geophysics, earth sciences, and geodesy. These small variations can be caused by changes in mass distribution, density contrasts in the Earth's interior, or even the shape of the Earth. By measuring these variations in gravity, scientists can better understand Earth's structure, properties, and processes.

cGal and pGal Conversion Mapping Table
cGal pGal
11.000000E+10
22.000000E+10
33.000000E+10
44.000000E+10
55.000000E+10
66.000000E+10
77.000000E+10
88.000000E+10
99.000000E+10
101.000000E+11
202.000000E+11
252.500000E+11
505.000000E+11
1001.000000E+12
2002.000000E+12
2502.500000E+12
5005.000000E+12
10001.000000E+13
20002.000000E+13
25002.500000E+13
50005.000000E+13
100001.000000E+14
pGal cGal
11.000000E-10
22.000000E-10
33.000000E-10
44.000000E-10
55.000000E-10
66.000000E-10
77.000000E-10
88.000000E-10
99.000000E-10
101.000000E-9
202.000000E-9
252.500000E-9
505.000000E-9
1001.000000E-8
2002.000000E-8
2502.500000E-8
5005.000000E-8
10001.000000E-7
20002.000000E-7
25002.500000E-7
50005.000000E-7
100001.000000E-6